Counselling and Psychotherapy form an important part of Psychological Therapies, which fall under three main categories:
Behavioural Therapies focus on cognition’s and behaviours, and are based on the way people think (cognitive) and/or behave. These therapies recognise that it is possible to change, or recondition, our thoughts or behaviours to overcome specific problems.
Psychoanalytical and Psycho-dynamic Therapies focus on the unconscious relationship patterns, thoughts and perceptions that have evolved from childhood, and how these affect current behaviour and thoughts.
Humanistic Therapies focus on self-development, growth and responsibility. These therapies seek to help individuals recognise their strengths, creativity and choice in the ‘here and now’. Often Humanistic Therapies are a combination of approaches.
I offer support from Integrative and Eclectic therapy approaches:
· Integrative therapy is a blend of specific techniques of Counselling.
· Eclectic therapy takes elements of several different therapeutic models and combines them.
Counselling and Psychotherapy Approaches
Adlerian Therapy focuses on creating a therapeutic relationship that is co-operative, encouraging and practical. Adlerian counsellors help clients explore their unique ’lifestyle’ and ’private logic’ (their core beliefs about self, others and the world) to increase understanding of and challenge habitual patterns of behaviour and hidden goals. It is an educative process of dialogue, insight, encouragement, re-orientation and enablement.
Brief Therapy uses the cognitive behavioural approach with a small, planned number of sessions, and possibly a single follow-up session after some time has elapsed. This therapy is primarily for people experiencing a phase of difficulty.
Cognitive Analytical Therapy combines cognitive therapy and psychotherapy and encourages clients to draw on their own resources to develop the skills to change destructive patterns of behaviour. Negative ways of thinking are explored and treatment is structured and directive, involving diary-keeping, progress charts, etc.
Cognitive Therapy uses the power of the mind to influence behaviour. It is based on the theory that previous experiences can adversely affect self-perception, and can therefore condition attitudes, emotions and the ability to deal with certain situations. Cognitive therapy works by helping the client to identify, question and change self-denigrating thoughts, thus altering habitual responses and behaviour.
Cognitive Analytical Therapy (CAT) combines cognitive therapy and exploratory psychotherapy, and encourages clients to draw on their own resources to develop the skills to change destructive patterns of behaviour. Negative ways of thinking are explored, and treatment is structured and directive.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) combines cognitive and behavioural techniques. Clients are taught ways to change thoughts and expectations, and relaxation techniques may be used.