counselling and psychotherapy
Counselling and Psychotherapy form an important part of Psychological Therapies, which fall under three main categories
These focus on cognitions and behaviours, and are based on the way people think (cognitive) and/or behave. These therapies recognise that it is possible to change, or recondition, our thoughts or behaviours to overcome specific problems.
Psychoanalytical and Psycho-dynamic Therapies:
These focus on the unconscious relationship patterns; thoughts and perceptions that have evolved from childhood; and how these affect current behaviour and thoughts.
These focus on self-development, growth and responsibility and seek to help individuals recognise their strengths, creativity and choices. Humanistic Therapies are a combination of approaches.
Counselling and Psychotherapy Approaches
focuses on creating a therapeutic relationship that is co-operative, encouraging and practical. Adlerian counsellors help clients explore their unique ’lifestyle’ and ’private logic’ (their core beliefs about self, others and the world) to increase understanding of and challenge habitual patterns of behaviour and hidden goals. It is an educative process of dialogue, insight, encouragement, re-orientation and enablement.
uses the cognitive behavioural approach with a small, planned number of sessions, and possibly a single follow-up session after some time has elapsed. This therapy is primarily for people experiencing a phase of difficulty.
Cognitive Analytical Therapy (CAT)
combines cognitive therapy and exploratory psychotherapy, and encourages clients to draw on their own resources to develop the skills to change destructive patterns of behaviour. Negative ways of thinking are explored, and treatment is structured and directive.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
combines cognitive and behavioural techniques. Clients are taught ways to change thoughts and expectations, and relaxation techniques may be used.
Dave Wells offers support from Integrative and Eclectic therapy approaches
is a blend of specific techniques of Counselling.
takes elements of several different therapeutic models and combines them.